Raudondvaris Manor House

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Pilies takas 1, Raudondvaris, Kaunas district 
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Raudondvaris Manor is a monument dating from the beginning of the 17th century and is a fine example of Lithuanian Renaissance architecture. The manor, which is popular among local and foreign tourists, is located on the right bank of the upper terrace of the Nevėžis river near the confluence with the Nemunas, 9km west of Kaunas in the direction of Jurbarkas. The main building of the Raudondvaris ensemble is the castle-palace and tower. Covering an area of 3.8 hectares, the park territory also contain two Oficina buildings, an orangerie, stables and an ice-house.

It’s claimed that the construction of Raudondvaris Castle was begun in the second half of the 16th century by Kaunas chamberlain Vaitiekus Dzevaltauskas (Wojciech Dzewaltowski), one of the highest officials of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth responsible for the land who was also the decision maker when it came to disagreements over borders. The colour red of the manor bricks also inspired the name of the settlement (Raudondvaris translates as Red Manor). However, although it has features of a castle including a tower and holes for shooting, the manor never had a defensive purpose and was always representative. The manor was owned by a number of prominent members of the Lithuanian nobility including the Dzevaltovskiai (Dzewaltowski), Kosakovskiai (Kossakowski), Radvilos (Radziwiłła), Vorlovskiai (Worłowski), Zabielos (Zabiełła) and Tiškevičiai (Tyszkiewicz) families.

It was the Tiškevičiai (Tyszkiewicz) family that rebuilt the manor house after it was partially destroyed by fire during the uprising of 1831. During the reconstruction the manor house acquired its Neo-Gothic features. The family also constructed additional buildings, including orangerie, barns and stables, and also set up a park. During their rule before the First World War, Raudondvaris Manor became a centre of culture and famous for its collection of paintings and its library.

During the First World War the headquarters of the German Ober Ost Board Office was located in the Manor House. Interestingly, at the time, the German writer Arnoldas Zweigas (Arnold Zweig), who worked here, wrote the novel Mindaugas II, which describes the rooms and books inside the manor.

During the interwar period there was a children’s home here. At the end of the Second World War the manor and the orangery were burned down by the retreating Germans. During the Soviet occupation, the Lithuanian Institute of Agricultural Mechanisation and Electrification operated here. The ensemble was rebuilt and has regained its Renaissance features. At the moment, an Art Incubator, the Kaunas District Museum, restaurant and the Kaunas District Tourism and Business Information Centre all operate on the territory. The Day of Lithuanian Statehood is celebrated in the manor’s park every July 6. In September, the annual Rudens sambariai farmers’ festival takes place, and a Kaunas District Christmas tree shines here in the winter months.

Raudondvaris Manor House

Pilies takas 1, Raudondvaris, Kaunas district 

Raudondvaris Manor is a monument dating from the beginning of the 17th century and is a fine example of Lithuanian Renaissance architecture. The manor, which is popular among local and foreign tourists, is located on the right bank of the upper terrace of the Nevėžis river near the confluence with the Nemunas, 9km west of Kaunas in the direction of Jurbarkas. The main building of the Raudondvaris ensemble is the castle-palace and tower. Covering an area of 3.8 hectares, the park territory also contain two Oficina buildings, an orangerie, stables and an ice-house.

It’s claimed that the construction of Raudondvaris Castle was begun in the second half of the 16th century by Kaunas chamberlain Vaitiekus Dzevaltauskas (Wojciech Dzewaltowski), one of the highest officials of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth responsible for the land who was also the decision maker when it came to disagreements over borders. The colour red of the manor bricks also inspired the name of the settlement (Raudondvaris translates as Red Manor). However, although it has features of a castle including a tower and holes for shooting, the manor never had a defensive purpose and was always representative. The manor was owned by a number of prominent members of the Lithuanian nobility including the Dzevaltovskiai (Dzewaltowski), Kosakovskiai (Kossakowski), Radvilos (Radziwiłła), Vorlovskiai (Worłowski), Zabielos (Zabiełła) and Tiškevičiai (Tyszkiewicz) families.

It was the Tiškevičiai (Tyszkiewicz) family that rebuilt the manor house after it was partially destroyed by fire during the uprising of 1831. During the reconstruction the manor house acquired its Neo-Gothic features. The family also constructed additional buildings, including orangerie, barns and stables, and also set up a park. During their rule before the First World War, Raudondvaris Manor became a centre of culture and famous for its collection of paintings and its library.

During the First World War the headquarters of the German Ober Ost Board Office was located in the Manor House. Interestingly, at the time, the German writer Arnoldas Zweigas (Arnold Zweig), who worked here, wrote the novel Mindaugas II, which describes the rooms and books inside the manor.

During the interwar period there was a children’s home here. At the end of the Second World War the manor and the orangery were burned down by the retreating Germans. During the Soviet occupation, the Lithuanian Institute of Agricultural Mechanisation and Electrification operated here. The ensemble was rebuilt and has regained its Renaissance features. At the moment, an Art Incubator, the Kaunas District Museum, restaurant and the Kaunas District Tourism and Business Information Centre all operate on the territory. The Day of Lithuanian Statehood is celebrated in the manor’s park every July 6. In September, the annual Rudens sambariai farmers’ festival takes place, and a Kaunas District Christmas tree shines here in the winter months.

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