Vieškūnai Hill Fort

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Palemonas, Kaunas
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The Vieškūnai Hill Fort, also known as the Amaliai Hill Fort or Šuneliškės Hill Fort, located in Palemonas, was discovered only in 1992. Probably due to the fact that it wasn’t known about for a long time, this is one of the best preserved hill forts in Lithuania and dates back to the second half of the 14th century.

A small wooden castle once stood on the hill fort that was built to cover Kaunas Castle from the southeast as part of a defensive ring. It was attacked at least once. Unfortunately, its name is unknown. Next to the small castle, at the foot of the hill fort, a new settlement, that existed as long as the hill fort itself, was established on the site of a previous Stone Age settlement. The settlement was explored in greater detail in 2000. Found among the cultural layer dating from the 14th century were the remains of pottery, animal bones, clay plaster, brass jewellery and iron weapons.

One of the legends about the hill fort states that this is where a landlord’s daughter committed suicide. It’s believed that the place is haunted and that the barking of dogs can be heard. This is where the name Šuneliškės (from šuo, the Lithuanian word for dog) originates.

Between 1998 and 2002 the hill fort, which was damaged by the construction of Kauno Marios (Kaunas Reservoir), was repaired. It’s stated that in total, water and soil erosion has destroyed about 50 hill forts in the area. The slope was restored and reinforced, and some of the trees were cut down. Stairs, benches and swings were built, and a monument was created for the hill forts at Žiegždriai, Rumšiškės, Dovainonys, Guogai and Pelekoniai that all were destroyed by the reservoir. A fire altar was also built.

The hill fort provides magnificent views all year round, including a panorama taking in the reservoir, sandy slopes and the pearl of Lithuanian Baroque, the Pažaislis Monastery. In this remote place you can relax and listen to the singing of birds. Perhaps not surprisingly, nearby is Lakštingalų (nightingale) Valley. In 1937, the poet Salomėja Nėris settled close to the valley, and today you can visit her memorial museum. On the other side of the valley is the Kaunas Yacht Club.

From here you can see the remnants of the Palemonas Fort of the Kaunas Fortress, surrounded by a chain consisting of 29 defensive fortifications. You’ll also find a marked the 1km historic Pažinimas (Learning) ecological path. In the uncultivated land of the fort, located in the wild meadow of Palemonas, grows a variety of valuable plants that are all recorded in the list of extinct and endangered species of Lithuania.

Vieškūnai Hill Fort

Palemonas, Kaunas

The Vieškūnai Hill Fort, also known as the Amaliai Hill Fort or Šuneliškės Hill Fort, located in Palemonas, was discovered only in 1992. Probably due to the fact that it wasn’t known about for a long time, this is one of the best preserved hill forts in Lithuania and dates back to the second half of the 14th century.

A small wooden castle once stood on the hill fort that was built to cover Kaunas Castle from the southeast as part of a defensive ring. It was attacked at least once. Unfortunately, its name is unknown. Next to the small castle, at the foot of the hill fort, a new settlement, that existed as long as the hill fort itself, was established on the site of a previous Stone Age settlement. The settlement was explored in greater detail in 2000. Found among the cultural layer dating from the 14th century were the remains of pottery, animal bones, clay plaster, brass jewellery and iron weapons.

One of the legends about the hill fort states that this is where a landlord’s daughter committed suicide. It’s believed that the place is haunted and that the barking of dogs can be heard. This is where the name Šuneliškės (from šuo, the Lithuanian word for dog) originates.

Between 1998 and 2002 the hill fort, which was damaged by the construction of Kauno Marios (Kaunas Reservoir), was repaired. It’s stated that in total, water and soil erosion has destroyed about 50 hill forts in the area. The slope was restored and reinforced, and some of the trees were cut down. Stairs, benches and swings were built, and a monument was created for the hill forts at Žiegždriai, Rumšiškės, Dovainonys, Guogai and Pelekoniai that all were destroyed by the reservoir. A fire altar was also built.

The hill fort provides magnificent views all year round, including a panorama taking in the reservoir, sandy slopes and the pearl of Lithuanian Baroque, the Pažaislis Monastery. In this remote place you can relax and listen to the singing of birds. Perhaps not surprisingly, nearby is Lakštingalų (nightingale) Valley. In 1937, the poet Salomėja Nėris settled close to the valley, and today you can visit her memorial museum. On the other side of the valley is the Kaunas Yacht Club.

From here you can see the remnants of the Palemonas Fort of the Kaunas Fortress, surrounded by a chain consisting of 29 defensive fortifications. You’ll also find a marked the 1km historic Pažinimas (Learning) ecological path. In the uncultivated land of the fort, located in the wild meadow of Palemonas, grows a variety of valuable plants that are all recorded in the list of extinct and endangered species of Lithuania.

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