Vyskupiškės Hill Fort

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Veiviržėnai, Klaipėda district
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Vyskupiškės Hill Fort is in a cape located on the right bank of the Veiviržas river, near Veiviržėnai and the confluence with the Juodupis stream. What is interesting and unique in Lithuania is that the swift Juodupis once divided the hill fort into two uneven parts and now goes through the former platform.

The hill fort dates back to the period from the 1st millennium to the 13th century. Parts of the platform remain on both banks of the stream and indicate that it was quite large, being about 120 metres long and at least 30 metres wide. Today, the main platform of the hill fort is located on the left bank. It’s 60 metres long, narrowing and protected by small mounds. On the hill, divided by Juodupis, is the remaining western edge of the platform with the upper part of the slopes.

In 1905, archaeological investigations of the hill fort were carried out by Liudvikas Kšivickis (Ludwik Krzywicki), who visited some 200 hill forts in Lithuania in total. In 1963 the similar work was carried out by the Lithuanian Institute of History. Between 2003 and 2004 a cultural layer up to 0.5 metres thick was found on the western platform. It contained pottery, burnt iron and a place for a post. These archaeological finds, the size of the hill fort and small fortifications lead one to assume that there was a fortified settlement here at the end of the 10th century or the beginning of the 12th century. A story says that the Swedes decided to fill the hill fort in and employed a significant number of people to do it.

Another interesting object that can be seen before or after visiting the Vyskupiškės Hill Fort is a watermill situated in Vyskupiškės village . The log building with a two-sided roof dates from 1937. Until 1970 it was a place where grains were milled and rolled and groats were produced. Vyskupiškės’ old cemetery is also nearby. In the territory of the cemetery, which is enclosed by a fence, are decorative sculptures known as Vaidila, Pieta and Rūpintojėlis (Pensive Christ). Several funeral monuments and crosses survive to this day.

An archaeological monument, the Marų Cemetery that operated during the 17th and 18th centuries in Juodupis village, is located a couple of kilometres from the hill fort. It’s said that the place is haunted and that people are said to have seen fire there.

Just 4km from the Vyskupiškės Hill Fort is the mysterious Mockaičiai (Šiuraičiai) Hill Fort. The Šiupariai, Lekiai, Pavilnutis, Veiviržėnai and Norgėlai hill forts are all located within a 10km radius of Vyskupiškės.

Vyskupiškės Hill Fort

Veiviržėnai, Klaipėda district

Vyskupiškės Hill Fort is in a cape located on the right bank of the Veiviržas river, near Veiviržėnai and the confluence with the Juodupis stream. What is interesting and unique in Lithuania is that the swift Juodupis once divided the hill fort into two uneven parts and now goes through the former platform.

The hill fort dates back to the period from the 1st millennium to the 13th century. Parts of the platform remain on both banks of the stream and indicate that it was quite large, being about 120 metres long and at least 30 metres wide. Today, the main platform of the hill fort is located on the left bank. It’s 60 metres long, narrowing and protected by small mounds. On the hill, divided by Juodupis, is the remaining western edge of the platform with the upper part of the slopes.

In 1905, archaeological investigations of the hill fort were carried out by Liudvikas Kšivickis (Ludwik Krzywicki), who visited some 200 hill forts in Lithuania in total. In 1963 the similar work was carried out by the Lithuanian Institute of History. Between 2003 and 2004 a cultural layer up to 0.5 metres thick was found on the western platform. It contained pottery, burnt iron and a place for a post. These archaeological finds, the size of the hill fort and small fortifications lead one to assume that there was a fortified settlement here at the end of the 10th century or the beginning of the 12th century. A story says that the Swedes decided to fill the hill fort in and employed a significant number of people to do it.

Another interesting object that can be seen before or after visiting the Vyskupiškės Hill Fort is a watermill situated in Vyskupiškės village . The log building with a two-sided roof dates from 1937. Until 1970 it was a place where grains were milled and rolled and groats were produced. Vyskupiškės’ old cemetery is also nearby. In the territory of the cemetery, which is enclosed by a fence, are decorative sculptures known as Vaidila, Pieta and Rūpintojėlis (Pensive Christ). Several funeral monuments and crosses survive to this day.

An archaeological monument, the Marų Cemetery that operated during the 17th and 18th centuries in Juodupis village, is located a couple of kilometres from the hill fort. It’s said that the place is haunted and that people are said to have seen fire there.

Just 4km from the Vyskupiškės Hill Fort is the mysterious Mockaičiai (Šiuraičiai) Hill Fort. The Šiupariai, Lekiai, Pavilnutis, Veiviržėnai and Norgėlai hill forts are all located within a 10km radius of Vyskupiškės.

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